Collaboration and Shared Decision-Making Between Patients and Clinicians in Preventive Health Care Decisions and US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendations

By SDM Staff

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) works to improve the health of people nationwide by making evidence-based recommendations for preventive services. Patient-centered care is a core value in US health care. Shared decision-making (SDM), in which patients and clinicians make health decisions together, ensures patients’ rights to be informed and involved in preventive care decisions and that these decisions are patient-centered. SDM has a role across the spectrum of USPSTF recommendations.

Promoting the Values for Surrogate Decision-Making

By SDM Staff

The process of making medical decisions used to be straightforward. Clinicians selected the treatment course they determined would best promote the patient’s interests. More recently, in response to increased emphasis on individual autonomy, it is the patient, in consultation with their clinicians and loved ones, who makes medical decisions. This approach respects patients who are able to make their own treatment decisions. However, it poses a challenge for the many adult patients who are unable to understand the information relevant to the decision in question, reason in light of this information and their own values, make a voluntary decision on this basis, or communicate their decision.